The high quality of track and field, cross country, and road events in the New England association at all levels - youth, scholastic, collegiate, open - can be attributed to the officials who work the many meets to ensure fair and safe competition.
One becomes a certified official through their home association (New England for MA, NH, RI, VT). USA Track & Field certification runs for the Olympiad - between Olympic Games years. Minimum age for officials is 18 years old. The current 4 year certification period began January 1, 2017 and runs through December 31, 2020, but officials may join at any time.. All certified officials are required to have current USATF membership, a USATF background screening (good for 2 years at a time, $16), and must.complete the SafeSport course online (90 minutes, no fee).   A fee for the Olympiad includes the testing/rules review.
Prospective officials complete a written, open-book rules review which is in several parts. There is a general track and field module, as well as tests covering various event groups and specialty areas of officiating. New officials may complete the rules review and become certified at any time. Certification runs from date of approval to the end of the Olympiad, and the rules review - either competing the test or attending a review session - must be done every 4 years.

USATF-NE offers several new officials review sessions each year - watch member email, the website, and Facebook for notices.  There are also specialty clinics planned - pole vault, race walking, Electronic Distance Measurement, and cross country sessions will be held in 2019. 

Certification Levels
"Apprentice" or "Association" are the first levels of certification, depending on prior officiating experience.

After several years of practical experience at different types of meets, an official may apply to move up to "National" level ranking, and, ultimately, "Master" level ranking. 
Every four years at the start of the new Olympiad, officials must be be recertified. Officials renew by either completing the written rules review or attending a recertification review for their certification level at the beginning of each Olympiad.

Rules Reviews
The application and certification review exams for 2017-2020 are available and are posted on the USATF Officials web site. Most renewing officials will only need to complete the review for their current level of certification - but some specialty areas do require retesting.  NOTE: If an official did not renew during a full Olympiad (currently, last certification being prior to 2012), the process must be re-started from step 1. That is, no automatic renewals if there are 4 year gaps in service.